Here’s a look at Osama bin Laden, the former al-Qaeda leader who was killed in 2011.
Date of Birth: 1957
Date of death: May 2, 2011
Place of birth: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Birth name: Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden
Father: Muhammad Awad bin Laden, head of a construction company
Mother: Hamida al-Attas
Weddings and children:
Married in Najwa (1974-separated days before September 11), and had children Abdullah (1976), Abdul Rahman (1978), Sa’ad (1979), Omar (1981), Osman (1983), Muhammad (1985 ), Fatima (1987), Iman (1990), Ladin “Bakir” (1993), Rukhaiya (1997) and Nour (1999 or 2000)
Married in Khadijah (1983-1995, divorced) and had children Ali (1984 or 1986), Amer (1990) and Aisha (1992)
Married to Khairiah (1985-2011, his death), and had a child Hamza (1989 or 1991)
Married to Siham (1987-2011, his death), and had children Kadhija (1988), Khalid (1989), Miriam (1990) and Sumaiya (1992)
Married to an unknown woman (1996, canceled within days)
Married to Amal (2000-2011, his death), and had children Safiyah (2001), Aasia (2003), Ibrahim (2004), Zainab (2006) and Hussain (2008)
Education: King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah, engineering, 1979
Religion: Sunni Muslim
Bin Laden was the 17th of 52 children of construction tycoon Muhammad Awad bin Laden, an immigrant from neighboring Yemen, who ran the Saudi Binladin Group company.
Muhammad Awad bin Laden became a billionaire by making his company the biggest construction company in the Saudi kingdom.
Bin Laden first married at age 17 to a Syrian cousin, Najwa.
He allegedly walked with a cane and suffered from kidney disease.
1979 – Travel to Afghanistan to join the jihad (holy war) against the Soviet Union. He stayed there for a decade, using construction equipment from the family business to help Muslim guerrilla forces build shelters, tunnels and roads through rugged Afghan mountains, and occasionally taking part in battle.
1988 – Bin Laden founds al-Qaeda (or “the base”), a militant group whose main objective is to lead the global jihad.
1989 – The Soviet Union withdraws from Afghanistan. Bin Laden returns to Saudi Arabia to work for the family construction company, the Saudi Binladin Group.
Aug 7, 1990 – Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, American troops arrive in Saudi Arabia. Bin Laden is said to be outraged by their presence and will soon begin targeting the United States for its presence near the Muslim holy sites of Mecca and Medina.
1991 – Bin Laden is expelled by the Saudi regime. Eventually, he and his supporters moved to Sudan, taking assets that amounted to around $ 250 million, according to some officials (others estimate a much lower value).
December 1992 – American forces land in Somalia, at the head of a humanitarian plan authorized by the UN to deliver relief against famine. Part of their challenge is to disarm the various warlords who control the country. Prosecutors accuse Bin Laden of throwing himself into the midst of this conflict, sending some of his supporters to Somalia to train warlords to fight US troops.
February 26, 1993 – A bomb explodes at New York’s World Trade Center, killing six people and injuring hundreds. Six Muslim radicals, whom US officials suspect of having links with Bin Laden, are ultimately convicted of the bombing. Although Bin Laden is named as a possible unindicted co-conspirator, investigators do not find conclusive evidence that the al-Qaeda leader orchestrated the attack.
October 1993 – Eighteen American soldiers, part of a humanitarian mission in Somalia, die in an ambush perpetrated by militants who are said to have trained with al-Qaeda.
1994 – The Saudi government officially revokes bin Laden’s citizenship, freezing all remaining assets he owns in the country. His family denies him.
1996 – Sudan expels Bin Laden. He moved with his children and his wives to Afghanistan, where he received a port from the Taliban. The United States accuses Bin Laden of training those involved in the 1993 attack that killed 18 American servicemen in Somalia.
1997 – In his first interview with Western media, Bin Laden told Peter Bergen that the United States is “unjust, criminal and tyrannical”. He said, “The United States today, because of the arrogant atmosphere, has set a double standard, calling anyone who goes against its injustice a terrorist. He wants to occupy our countries, steal our resources, impose agents on us to govern us. Bin Laden also told Bergen that “holy Arab warriors” trained in Afghanistan allied with Somali Muslims in 1993 to kill 18 American soldiers in Somalia.
February 1997 – According to court documents, bin Laden ordered the militarization of the East African cell of al-Qaeda, a decision that culminated in the bombing of the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania on August 7, 1998, eight years to the day after the landing of American troops in the Saudi kingdom.
1998 – Bin Laden’s al-Qaeda and Egyptian Islamic Jihad under Ayman al-Zawahiri merge, according to US prosecutors.
February 1998 – Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri approve a fatwa under the banner of the “International Islamic Front for Jihad against the Jews and the Crusaders”. This fatwa, published in the Al-Quds Al-Arabi newspaper on February 23, 1998, states that Muslims should kill Americans, including civilians, anywhere in the world where they can be found.
May 29, 1998 – Bin Laden publishes a statement entitled “The nuclear bomb of Islam”, under the banner of the “International Islamic Front against Jews and Crusaders”, in which he declares that “it is the duty of Muslims to prepare as much force as possible. possible to terrorize the enemies of God.
Aug 7, 1998 – Two truck bombs explode outside US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing 224 people.
November 1998 – Charged by the United States with 224 counts of murder for the bombings of embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
June 7, 1999 – Appears for the first time on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
October 12, 2000 – Bin Laden is linked to an attack / bombardment on the USS Cole in Yemen which kills 17 sailors and injures 39.
2000 – Algerian Ahmed Ressam pleads guilty to a failed plot to bomb Los Angeles International Airport during the millennium celebrations. He claims to have been trained in urban warfare and explosives in an Afghan camp run by bin Laden.
May 29, 2001 – Four of suspected bin Laden supporters are found guilty of the 1998 bombings of US embassies in Africa.
September 2001 – Following the September 11 attacks in the United States, the US government designates bin Laden as the main suspect.
December 25, 2001 – Pakistan Observer publishes details of alleged bin Laden funeral. On the front page, the newspaper reports that an unnamed Taliban leader said bin Laden “had a peaceful natural death in mid-December near” the Tora Bora mountains. The report states that his death was the result of a “serious pulmonary complication … He was honorably buried in his final resting place” in a tomb prepared according to the beliefs of the fundamentalist Wahhabi sect of Islam to which the leader belonged. of Qaeda, the report said.
December 27, 2001 – Afghan officials report that Bin Laden is in Pakistan with supporters of Al Qaeda.
January 18, 2002 – Pakistani leader Pervez Musharraf says Osama bin Laden may have died of kidney failure in Afghanistan after separating from a dialysis machine he had used in recent years.
March 9, 2002 – A Saudi-owned publication quotes one of bin Laden’s wives as saying that his personal belief is that he is alive. The woman, identified only as AS, said she “has a feeling deep down that he is still alive and that the whole world would have known if he had been killed. Osama’s death cannot be hidden.
May 17, 2002 – A Saudi newspaper publishes quotes from the leader of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, in which he declares: “Sheikh Osama is still alive, praise God, and this anguish (US President George W. Bush) who promised his people to kill Osama, not knowing that lives are in the hands of God.
June 12, 2002 – A Russian newspaper publishes what it claims to be an interview with Mullah Mohammed Omar. Omar claims bin Laden is alive in Afghanistan. “Osama helped us during the war against the Russians, he would not leave us now,” the newspaper quoted Omar. “The holy war has only just begun. The fire of this war will reach America and burn the capital which has launched an unjust attack on Muslims.
July 2002 – Abdel-Bari Atwan, editor of the London newspaper Al-Quds Al Arabi, says the al-Qaeda leader is in good health but was injured in an attack on his base in Afghanistan in last december.
March 10, 2005 – Muslim clerics in Spain publish what they call the world’s first fatwa, or Islamic edict, against Bin Laden. They call him an apostate and urge others of their faith to denounce him. The decision is made by the Islamic Commission of Spain, the main body representing the Muslim community in the country.
October 2009 – Najwa and Omar bin Laden write and publish their book, “Growing up bin Laden: Osama’s wife and son take us to their secret world”.
december 2009 – The US government admits a “lack of information” on the whereabouts of Bin Laden, noting that he could be in Afghanistan or Pakistan.
May 2, 2011 – In the early hours of the morning, a small group of US forces, including Navy Seals, raided a fortified and fortified compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. In the ensuing shootout, Bin Laden and three other men die. A woman also dies. Bin Laden is believed to have died from a gunshot wound to the head. DNA samples are taken before his body is buried at sea.
June 17, 2011 – The US Department of Justice officially drops terrorism-related criminal charges against bin Laden.