Bombings and indictment in East Africa
One of the main plots of the terrorist organization came to fruition on August 7, 1998, when al-Qaeda operatives bombed the American embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya.
The near-simultaneous attacks killed more than 200 US, Kenyan and Tanzanian citizens and injured 4,500 others.
These attacks were directly linked to bin Laden, who was indicted for his role in the November 4, 1998, attacks and again in June 1999. The charges included the murder of US nationals outside the United States, conspiracy to assassinate US nationals outside the United States. United States and attacks on a federal installation resulting in death.
A number of senior Al-Qaeda figures were eventually captured and convicted for their role in the bombings. The attacks led to increased counterterrorism efforts by the United States and the FBI, which created its first Counterterrorism Division in 1999, consolidating its many counterterrorism efforts and capabilities.
On June 7, 1999, the FBI placed Osama bin Laden on his List of ten most wanted fugitives, citing its connection to the 1998 attacks in East Africa.
At the dawn of a new century, al-Qaeda continued its violent attacks. Some big plots failed, including a plan to bomb Los Angeles airport on the eve of the millennium celebrations.
On October 12, 2000, however, terrorists blew up a small boat packed with explosives alongside the USS Cole while refueling in Yemen. The attack killed 17 Navy sailors, injured nearly 40 other crew members, and severely damaged the ship.